Throughout out studies we have always been told that technology is at a rapid growth. That the era we live in, the so-called digital age, is one of the best eras. The information is always just a finger type away, in one way the digital age is just plain awesome. You have huge technology companies like Apple and Google coming out with the latest technology to enhance our life. But, as Kakihara and Sorensen have showed us it’s always has been the center of our society. The central part of a civilization is what they call the information and communication technologies (ICTs) [Kakihara p33}. With the principles of ICTs that means that somehow there must have been an iPhone before Apple, Inc. invented it. Somehow people got answers to their questions before Larry Page and Sergey Brin created a search engine for Stanford, which would become Google [Google pg1]. With that being said in this timeline of mobility invention is there a way we can tie the concepts and ideas that Kakihara and Sorensen wrote about to the evolution of technologies starting from the 18th century?
Before the luxury of the cell phone, we had Push-button that came from the Rotary Phone that evolved from the so-called candlestick phone [Zigerman]. Before we instantly communicated by dialing a phone number, thanks to Alexander Graham Bell for his 1876 invention we had paper and pen in the form of a telegram. Not always the fastest way to communicate across the country, but it fits the three ideas of what ICTs are about spatial, temporal and contextual mobility. I said earlier that every form of communication fits the mold of ICTs, how is it that the telegram can fit this exact mold? Well the authors of, Expanding the ‘Mobility’ Concept, go into vast details of explaining each detail of spatial, temporal, and contextual [Kakihara p33].
If we look into details about and try to match that up with the telegram and the evolution to our modern day cellphone, symbols are a vast part of the technology. Every line that we make with the stroke of a pen creates a letter, which is a symbol. If I was to handwrite you a letter and you didn’t know how to read it, you wouldn’t be able to decipher it. It’s just like the hieroglyphics; at one time there was a civilization that could understand the symbols written on the wall. Another part of the idea of spatial ids the concept of space, now with the telephone exchange founded in 1878 the space for the simple phone calls was started. We were still sending hand written telegrams to our loved ones because we couldn’t figure out a way to use the space we created for phones to actively send a message.
Our thumbs forever changed in 1910, when Marconi sent that first message from the UK to Buenos Aires. We figured it out; we learned how to bend the space we used for our voice, to send a message. From here on out the decline of the telegram would soon follow and the ride of thumb injuries would start to happen around the 21st century. Now with the rise of telecommunication interaction how is it affecting our social structure? If you take just a second to think about it, I think you will realize it’s having a huge impact on the social structure of our lives.
In our lifetime a lone we went from calling people’s houses to set up a time to hang out with our friends. To beeping people’s waists to try and get a hold of them when we had a question or needed to talk, then we all got cell phones and instead of calling the houses of our friends we were able to dial up their pockets. You would think we would stop there, but no we didn’t we need more of an instant communication factor, so we brought back old technology and revamped it in a new way. The telegram, which was a way to symbolically speak to a friend before we used the voice structure of the telephone, now we can send instant telegrams to our friend’s pockets with text messaging. Once we figured that out our attention span, and classrooms would forever be changed.
When all is said and done at the end of the day from the telegram to the mobile phone our technology hasn’t exactly exploded in evolution. Yes we have been able to incorporate new ideas and other spaces into one spectrum (cyberspace) as is the case for the current smart phone craziness we are living in. I truly believe that what Kakihara and Sorensen concluded with this idea of interacting with people and trying to wrap every piece of mobility around three key principles are spatial, temporal and contextual [Kakihara p36]. I think not only is it the biggest part of communication is wanting that interaction between one person and another, I also think its within the space we are using to create that interaction. Within our own lifetime we went from using cyberspace, i.e. AOL instant messenger as a big part of our interactions that people started to bring it on a more mobility front with the explosion of text messages.
Kakihara, M. and C. Sorensen (2001): Expanding the ‘Mobility’ Concept. SIGGROUP Bulletin, volume 22 number 3 pp. 33-36.
Our History in Depth. http://www.google.com/intl/en/about/company/history, retrieved February 8th, 2014 from google.com
Luciano, Joseph. (October 26th, 2010) Steve Jobs introducing the first iPhone (MacWorld 2007) Retrieved from http://www.youtube. com
Zigterman, B. (December 13, 2013) How we stopped communicating like animals: 15 ways the phones have evolved. Bgr.com, Retrieved on February 8th, 2014 from http://www.bgr.com